Ocean Policy


On June 19, 2018, President Trump signed an Executive Order Regarding Ocean Policy to Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States. The Executive Order is intended to advance the economic, security, and environmental interests of the United States through improved public access to marine data and information, efficient Federal agency coordination on ocean related matters, and engagement with marine industries, the science and technology community, and other ocean stakeholders, including Regional Ocean Partnerships. This Executive Order revokes and replaces Executive Order 13547.

Background of previous Executive Order (E.O. 13547)

The National Ocean Policy set forth a vision of an America whose stewardship ensured that the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes were healthy and resilient, safe and productive, and understood and treasured so as to promote the well-being, prosperity, and security of present and future generations. In order to better meet our Nation’s stewardship responsibilities for the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes, the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force (Task Force) was established and charged with developing recommendations to enhance our ability to maintain healthy, resilient, and sustainable ocean, coasts, and Great Lakes resources. On April 16, 2013, the Task Force released the National Ocean Policy Implementation Plan.  The Appendix to the Implementation Plan lays out important milestones of the plan.

On July 19, 2010, an Executive Order (E.O. 13547) was signed establishing the National Ocean Policy and adopting the Final Recommendations of the Task Force. The final recommendations provide:

  • A framework for the Nation’s first ever National Policy for the Stewardship of the Ocean, Coasts and Great Lakes
  • A governance structure to provide sustained high-level and coordinated attention to ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes issues
  • An implementation strategy that identifies nine priority objectives
  • A framework for effective Marine Planning employing a comprehensive and integrated Ecosystem-Based Management approach

The nine priority objectives provide a bridge between the policy and specific actions required to achieve the intent of the National Ocean Policy.

  1. Ecosystem-Based Management: foundational principle for the comprehensive management of the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes 
  2. Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP)
  3. Inform Decisions and Improve Understanding 
  4. Coordinate and Support  
  5. Resiliency and Adaptation to Climate Change and Ocean Acidification  
  6. Regional Ecosystem Protection and Restoration  
  7. Water Quality and Sustainable Practices on Land  
  8. Changing Conditions in the Arctic 
  9. Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Observations, Mapping, and Infrastructure