Many Native Americans live near and use areas where BOEM activities are proposed and conducted. The ancestors of today’s tribes occupied vast areas of land and depended on nearby ocean resources, even prior to both sea level rise at the end of the last ice age and interaction with the U.S. government. Furthermore, it is important to note the impact that the history of Federal law and policy has had on tribal access to ancestral lands. Policies such as the Indian Removal Act of 1830 enabled mass removal of Native Americans from their lands; these types of actions continue to have long-lasting impacts on tribes and their relationship with the Federal government.
BOEM implements tribal consultation policies through both formal government-to-government consultation and informal dialogue, collaboration, and engagement. BOEM is committed to maintaining open and transparent communications with Tribal governments, Alaska Native Organizations, Native Hawaiian Organizations and other indigenous communities. BOEM’s approach aims to emphasize trust, respect, and shared responsibility as part of a deliberative process for effective collaboration and informed decision-making.
- Tribal Contacts
- BOEM Guidance and Policy Documents
- Tribal Consultation Annual Reports
- Videos & Other Supplemental Materials
|Chief Environmental Officer|
William Y. Brown
|BOEM Tribal Liaison Officer|
|Tribal Liaison Representatives|
|Gulf of Mexico Region
|Alaska Tribal and Community Liaison
|Office of Renewable Energy (Atlantic)
BOEM’s approach aims to emphasize trust, respect, and shared responsibility as part of a deliberative process for effective collaboration and informed decision-making. BOEM encourages the use of the consultation processes, initiated by either party, to assure a free and active exchange of information.
- BOEM Tribal Guidance (updated June 29, 2018)
Department of the Interior Policy
- BOEM Funds IDIQ to Support Tribal Reviews
- Science Note
- A Special Message from BOEM Chief Environmental Officer Dr. William Yancey Brown
- BOEM 101
- NEPA 101
- Leasing & Permitting 101
- How Does Wind Energy Work?
- Tribal Ocean Summit Agenda
- Tribal Ocean Summit
- Submerged Paleocultural Landscapes Project
- Developing Protocols For Reconstructing Submerged Paleocultural Landscapes & Identifying Ancient Native American Archaeological Sites In Submerged Environments
- Alaska, Arctic Currents: A year in the life of the bowhead whale
- Characterizing Tribal Cultural Landscapes (West Coast)
- Characterizing Native Hawaiian Landscapes
- Archaeological and Biological Assessment of Submerged Landforms off the Pacific Coast
The Environmental Studies Program (ESP)
BOEM’s Environmental Studies Program develops, funds, and manages rigorous scientific research specifically to inform policy decisions on the development of energy and mineral resources on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). Research covers physical oceanography, atmospheric sciences, biology, protected species, social sciences and economics, submerged cultural resources and environmental fates and effects. Mandated by Section 20 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, the Environmental Studies Program is an indispensable requirement informing BOEM’s decisions on offshore oil and gas, offshore renewable energy, and the marine minerals program for coastal restoration. The ESP has provided over $1 billion for research to this end since its inception in 1973.
Gaining knowledge of how Bureau activities may affect traditional ways, subsistence, and indigenous cultural resources is a key element to effective decision-making. Government-to-government consultations, community meetings, public hearings, and other special activities provide government staff and leadership the opportunity to learn from tribes and incorporate their viewpoints in the decision-making process. For over 40 years the ESP has worked to engage with indigenous communities on cultural and subsistence studies prior to Federal Actions.
National Scope Studies
Characterizing Tribal Cultural Landscapes, 2015-2017
- A Guidance Document for Characterizing Tribal Cultural Landscapes, 2015
- Volume I: Project Framework, 2017
- Volume II: Tribal Case Studies, 2017
- NOAA Tribal Cultural Landscapes website
- Technical Summary, 2017
- Volume I: The Unseen Landscape: Inventory and Assessment of Submerged Cultural Resources in Hawai`i, 2017
- Volume II: A ‘Ikena I Kai (Seaward Viewsheds): Inventory of Terrestrial Properties for Assessment of Marine Viewsheds on the Main Eight Hawaiian Islands, 2017
- Volume III: A Guidance Document for Characterizing Hawaiian Cultural Landscapes, 2017
Gulf of Mexico Studies
Ocean Science Publications with Highlights on historic preservation, traditional knowledge and cultural-landscape