The Shinnecock Nation became a Federally recognized Indian Nation on October 1, 2010 after thousands of years of documented history on Long Island. Located on the East End of Long Island adjacent to the Town of Southampton, the Shinnecock have forever lived along the shores of Eastern Long Island. Since the beginning, the Shinnecock time has been measured in moons and seasons, and the daily lives of their people revolved around the land and the waters surrounding it. The Shinnecock are coastal dwellers who continue to prize the bounty of the sea. They number over 1,400 people, more than half of whom reside on the reservation.