Marine Minerals Program

Dunes and grasses leading to the beach

BOEM is the Department of the Interior bureau tasked with managing the extraction of offshore minerals from the United States Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). While the largest component of BOEM’s mission is the exploration for and development of oil and gas resources, the bureau is also responsible for what are loosely referred to as “non-energy minerals” (primarily sand and gravel) -- obtained from the ocean floor.

Erosion, both continual and episodic (i.e., storm events), of the Nation’s beaches, dunes, barrier islands, and coastal wetlands is a serious problem that affects natural resources, energy, defense, and public infrastructure, as well as economically important tourism. Beach nourishment and other coastal restoration projects aim to address this problem, often using OCS sand to strengthen or rebuild the coastline.

BOEM is the only federal agency with the authority, to lease access to these non- energy resources from the OCS.

As steward for these resources, BOEM must ensure that the removal of any mineral resources is done in a safe and environmentally sound manner, and that any potential adverse impacts to the marine, coastal, and/or human environments are avoided or minimized.

BOEM’s Marine Minerals Program was established in 1992. Access to OCS sand resources has been critical for the long-term success and cost-effectiveness of many shore protection, beach nourishment, and wetlands restoration projects along the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean coasts. By replenishing beaches with sand from the OCS, the Nation’s coastlines receive crucial resources for the maintenance of a healthy coastal ecosystem.

Initiatives taken since 2012 have taken a long-term regional approach, with a focus on restoration planning and building coastal resilience.

Mission of BOEM’s Marine Minerals Program
Mission_Vision of MMP

For more information about the Marine Minerals Program,
click on the links below.